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Controversial Issues

This guide includes suggested databases and videos for students researching controversial or current debated issues in the news.

Evaluating Websites

CRAAP Test

Use the following criteria to evaluate web resources for credibility.

 

Currency: the timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Is the information current for your topic?
  • Are the links functional?

Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (e.g. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is the one you will use?

Authority: the source of the information

  • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
  • Are the author’s credentials or organizational affiliations given? If yes, what are they?
  • What are the author’s qualifications to write on the topic?
  • Is there contact information, such as a phone number or email address?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? (e.g. com, .edu, .gov, .org)
  • Is there an About or About Us section?

Accuracy: the reliability and truthfulness of the information

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
  • Does the language or tone seem objective or free of emotion?
  • Are there obvious errors (spelling, grammar)?

Purpose: the reason the information exists

  • What is the purpose of the information? To inform? Teach? Sell? Entertain? Persuade?
  • Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Is the information fact? Opinion? Propaganda?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
  • Are there political, cultural, religious or personal biases?